Department of Earth System Science

Stephen J. Geology ; 26 6 : — U-Th age dating and stable isotope measurements of speleothems from Hoti Cave in northern Oman yield paleoclimate information from the region extending to ka. The results 1 provide further confirmation of an early Holocene wet period in southern Arabia extending from some time prior to 9. Shibboleth Sign In. OpenAthens Sign In. Institutional Sign In. Sign In or Create an Account. User Tools. Sign In.


Studies of Cave Sediments pp Cite as. Carbonate speleothems that contain ppb-ppm levels of uranium can be dated by the U- U- Th and U- Pa disequilibrium techniques. Accurate ages are possible if the initial concentrations of Th and Pa are well constrained and if the system has remained closed to post-depositional exchange of uranium, thorium, and protactinium. For many speleothems, particularly those composed of nearly pure calcite, initial Th may be trivial.

Because Pa is more soluble than Th, Th is a poor analog for Pa.

hydrology and hydrogeochemistry of major springs, and the dating of cave development and the major phases of speleothem formation (Jennings, , ;.

Due to the environmental challenges we currently face as a global community, understanding the trajectories of climate and environmental change is critical. There is an increasing emphasis in the literature on historic and prehistoric anthropogenic environmental impacts and the role climate change has played on the evolution, dispersal, adaptation and cultural development of hominin. However, the links between climate and environmental change and human response are frequently no more than speculative arguments and will remain so until fundamental problems in our methodologies are addressed.

The most pressing of these problems is the need to establish reliable and robust chronologies for palaeoenvironmental and archaeological records. This thesis has two main objectives 1 develop a means of reliably and precisely dating archaeological and palaeontological deposits beyond the limits of the C14 dating method; and 2 Assess human-environment interactions during the Late Holocene through the integration of precisely dated archaeological, palaeontological and palaeoenvironmental records from limestone caves sites in western Flores, Indonesia.

Limestone caves are excellent repositories for palaeoenvironmental and archaeological information.

Uranium-Series Dating of Speleothems: Current Techniques, Limits, & Applications

Laia Comas-Bru 1 , M. Deininger 1 , S. Harrison 2,3 , M. Bar-Matthews 4 , A.

Using the 14C Bomb Pulse to Date Young Speleothems – Volume 53 Issue 2 – Ed Hodge, Janece McDonald, Matthew Fischer, Dale Redwood, Quan Hua.

A speleothem sample from underground water tunnel in Nablus, Palestine, showed contamination from wastewater. The young sample has low concentration of Uranium and could not be dated with uranium thorium dating method. An alternative method was used to determine the age of the sample: lamina counting coupled with Sulfur to calcium ratio peaks counting. Assuming seasonal growth of laminations, it was possible to determine the primarily ages. The sinter was still growing during sampling in The counting reveals laminae, for seasonal growth it means years.

In the , it was observed that there is an unexpected peak of Sulfur to calcium ratio and this peak was repeated seasonally. The sulfur peak increased as a result of diesel use in the heating system during the winter season. Each two lamination layers correspond to one peak.

Dating stalagmites in mediterranean climates using annual trace element cycles

Some features of this site are not compatible with your browser. Install Opera Mini to better experience this site. The first pieces of evidence for climate change came from the land itself, from the misplaced boulders scattered across much of the Northern Hemisphere, though there were other signs as well. A homogeneous, fine yellow soil covered more than one million square miles of Europe, Asia, and North America. The soil was as thick as 3 meters 10 feet in some places, and nearly nonexistent in others.

Th/U dates on Tasmanian speleothems enable preliminary estimates to be made of ages and rates of evolution of Tasmanian karst caves. Occurrence of​.

Speleothems are inorganic carbonate deposits growing in caves that form from super-saturated cave waters with respect to CaCO 3 Figure 1. Their analysis allows recovering aspects of past changes of the cave drip water geochemical composition, which provides information on climate and environmental variations above the cave Fairchild and Baker, Different types of speleothems e. Moreover, the preservation of multiple quasi-independent climate and environmental proxies enables the investigation of past climate changes on orbital to seasonal scale worldwide.

Modified after Lachniet, Furthermore, it can reflect the availability of CO 2 in the soil during the dissolution of limestone, which is a function of the water level in the karst and thus of the local precipitation amounts. Figure 3: Different types of speleothem laminas. A Fluorescent laminas excited by UV light. B Visible laminas observed under reflected-light microscopy. C Calcite C and aragonite A couplets, observed under transmitted-light microscopy Modified from Tan et al.

Note that dark and compacted layers become whiter due to the translucent light of the scan while the white and porous layers become dark. Modified from Van Rambelbergh et al. Speleothems are growing in caves worldwide and complement marine and polar climate archives, revealing unique views onto past climates. Lately new efforts are undertaken by the speleothem community to map the speleothem landscape in space and time to identify the current status of speleothem-based paleoclimate reconstructions globally.


The U-series laboratory focuses on development and application of U-series dating techniques to provide a robust chronological framework for palaeoclimatology, archaeology and human evolution. The U-series disequilibrium method is based on the radioactive decay of radionuclides within the naturally occurring decay chains. There are three such decay chains, each starts with an actinide nuclide U, U, Th having a long half live and ultimately ends with different a stable isotope of lead.

U-Th dating can be applied to secondary calcium carbonate formations like speleothems , travertine or corals.

Carbonate speleothems that contain ppb-ppm levels of uranium can be dated by the UUTh and UPa disequilibrium techniques. Accurate.

Chronological measurements have been carried out on speleothems from the Grotta del Fiume-Grotta Grande del Vento karst system in Frasassi Ancona, Italy by means of the Th radiometric method in order to date hypogean karst levels and related geological events. Higher levels were found to be older than the lower ones according to standstills and sinkings of the water table. The dated speleothems from the first and second level formed less than 10, years ago; the minimum ages of the third and fifth levels, which are respectively , and , years old, were correlated to climatic events.

Dating different portions of a speleothem allows the measurements of the radial and vertical accretion rates and their variation over time. The same data have been used to fit a hydrogeological model. International Journal of Speleology , Earth Sciences Commons. Advanced Search. Geoscience e-Journals. Privacy Copyright. International Union of Speleology.

Global Speleothem Oxygen Isotope Measurements Since the Last Glacial Maximum

Special issue: Advances in understanding and applying speleothem climate Research article 23 Oct A fundamental problem in paleoclimatology is to take fully into account the various error sources when examining proxy records with quantitative methods of statistical time series analysis. Records from dated climate archives such as speleothems add extra uncertainty from the age determination to the other sources that consist in measurement and proxy errors.

These records carry regional information about past changes in winter precipitation and temperature.

Stein-Erik Lauritzen and John E. Mylroie – Results of a Speleothem U/Th Dating Reconnaissance from the Helderberg Plateau, New York. Journal of Cave and.

All publications more feeds DOI: BibTeX file. Gravitational mass movements landslides have been one of the most efficient processes contributing to the morphogenesis of the Outer Carpathians formed of flysch, siliciclastic-clayey rocks. Such processes often produce non-karst caves in sandstones. Dating of calcite speleothems developed in caves hosted by sandstone with calcareous cement seems to be a suitable method to reconstruct phases of slope evolution in this region.

The paper discusses the usefulness of radiocarbon 14C and U-series dating of speleothems in non-karst caves in the reconstruction of mass movement chronology and evaluates possible reasons for discrepancies between both methods. The obtained speleothem age data are used to improve the existing knowledge on the chronology of mass movements during the Late Glacial and Holocene in the flysch Carpathians. Show menu Hide menu. Content alerts Stay up to date with free content alerts via e-mail. Subscribe now.

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Department of Human Evolution

The quality of paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on speleothem records depends on the accuracy of the used proxies and the chronology of the studied record. As far as the dating method is concerned, in most cases, the best solution is the use of the U-series method to obtain a precise chronology. However, for older periods i. Theoretically, older materials could be dated with the U-Pb dating method. However, that method requires a relatively high uranium content minimum of several ppm , whereas typical speleothems from Poland and all of Central Europe have uranium concentrations below 0.

In addition, due to the high precision of uranium-series dating, speleothems provide opportunities to trace leads and lags of global climate events facilitating to.

Climate change. Geology of Britain. U-series and U-Pb capability for carbonate geochronology has been developed in the geochronology and tracers facility to support NERC climate research, benefitting from extensive knowledge transfer from our U- Th -Pb geochronology facility. Sea floor geochronology and tracers is a recently developed but rapidly growing area for the facility.

This science area is focused on the chronology of sea floor deposits that can be dated by U-Th methods e. An issue with such projects is access to samples, and we are working with partners in Norway and the US to build collaboration and access to unique sample sets, and to include other UK interested parties. Press Office. Online shops. Recent publications.

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U-series and U-Pb carbonate geochronology

U-series dating and stable isotope records of speleothem records from the Scladina Cave Belgium. The Scladina cave, situated in the village of Sclayn Ardennes, Belgium at the southern bank of the Meuse, is famous for its Neanderthal fossils and artefacts. The infilling of the cave consists of a succession of flowstone layers interbedded with reworked loess sediment from outside the cave. The younger flowstone layers correspond to interglacials MIS 5 and the Holocene, while the reworked loess sediments represent cooler conditions.

Records from dated climate archives such as speleothems add extra uncertainty from the age determination to the other sources that consist in.

Bini, M. Journal of Quaternary Science doi. Bajo, P. Persistent influence of obliquity on ice-age terminations since the Middle Pleistocene Transition. Science , , Engel, J. Chemical Geology , Geology doi.

Underwater Cave Exploration The Crystal Caves of Bahamas

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